Cosmetology Laws and Licenses

Cosmetology Laws and Licenses

The beauty industry is leaded by state cosmetology laws and licenses, which situate the standards for cosmetology course requirements, licensing and establishment operations. The policy of each state varies, making it essential for cosmetologists to familiarize themselves with the rule in the state where they plan to become educated and/or practice.

Cosmetology Course Requirements

The cometology students have to obtain a certain number of hours of formal instruction in cosmetology before they be licensed. It is a requirement for each state. These requirements vary greatly from state to state. However, most beauty schools require 1200 to 1800 hours to complete the course.


State cosmetology laws also offer for cosmetology apprenticeships, which are state-approved courses of study supported on an agreement between a student and a licensee in a licensed store. Directives usually set for apprenticeships comprise curriculum, training hours and services carried out on customers by apprentices.

License Examination

Upon completion of the beauty school program, most states require students, apprentices and cosmetologists to take a state board examination in order to obtain them working cosmetology license.

Candidates must be eighteen years of age and have graduated high school. In addition, they will need to complete all placement exams needed to enter beauty school and become a licensed cosmetologist. It is necessary to present official transcripts from high school and all colleges attended.

State laws require also license the cosmetology schools and salons where cosmetologists train and work, although these vary state to state. Cosmetology licenses must be renovated every year. Assessments of establishments and the individual workstations of cosmetologists are made yearly, it is to ensure that state laws regarding licensing are being met.

Safety and Sanitation

Cosmetologists and establishments that instruct and occupy cosmetologists must stand by rules of safety and sanitation, which are determined by state cosmetology laws. These laws offer for safety and sanitation procedures regarding cleanliness, infection control, sanitation, sterilization of instruments, mechanical and electric equipment safety, etc.