Beauty schools » About Beauty Schools » Cosmetologist



A cosmetology professional or cosmetologist concentrates services on hair care and diplomacy in dealing with clients. They works with different materials creating new looks for clients in a profession gaining increasing attention. Although styles change from year to year, the cosmetologist's goal remains the same, to help people achieve a look pleasing to their personal flavors. According to the National Accrediting Commission of Cosmetology Arts and Sciences (NACCAS), a cosmetologist is anyone performing manicures, hair cutting, styling, shampooing, makeup or other beauty services, in addition to keep records of client visits and services received.

Becoming a cosmetologist is a commitment. It takes time to find your position in the beauty industry. You will need to develop advanced skills, earn a cosmetology license and build a clientage to set up yourself in the industry.

On a typical day a cosmetologist might perform some of the following responsibilities, depending on his or her occupation:
  • Cuts, trims and models hair or hair pieces
  • Bleaches, colors, or tints hair
  • Combs, brushes, and sprays hair or wigs to set style
  • Connect hairpiece to model head and dresses hairpieces
  • Massages and treats scalp for hygienic and remedial purposes
  • Manages therapeutic medication and counsels patron to seek medical treatment for chronic or contagious scalp conditions
  • Recommends and applies cosmetics, lotions, and creams to patron to soften and lubricate skin and enhance and restore natural look
  • Models and colors eyebrows or eyelashes and removes facial hair
  • Cleans, models, and polishes fingernails and toenails
  • Updates and maintains customer information records, such as beauty services provided


Many states require cosmetology's workers are licensed, with the exceptions of shampooers and makeup artists. To be eligible for a license, most job seekers are enforced to graduate from a beauty or cosmetology school.

However, several states have reciprocity agreements that allow licensed cosmetologists to get a license in a different State without additional formal training, but such agreements are unusual. Therefore, persons who wish to work in a particular State should review the laws of that State before entering a training program.


According to the NACCAS and the United States Department of Labor, cosmetologists can receive on average $60,000 per year including tips. While much of this depends on whether the cosmetologist is paid hourly, salary, contract or charge, and whether they rent a stand and have increased operating cost expenditures.

There is a payments variety for the cosmetologists:
  • Partial Commission: Besides an hourly salary, a percentage of the money made from the provision of services is given back to the cosmetologist as income. Some compensated in this way are considered self-employed, and are responsible for taxes. The salon supplies support, such as products, lights, and water.
  • Total Commission: All of the income obtained from services offered is paid to the cosmetologist carrying out said services. In this contract, the cosmetologist pays a hire cost or a oversee cost for the handling of salon services.
  • Hourly: Strictly hourly salary; client tips are shared and dispersed evenly with all beauty professionals working in the salon. Several company and small handcuffs are trending toward this compensation structure, for it promotes a more controlled product by ensuring that employees are responsible for following company standards and policies.
  • Tips: Cosmetologists often make a substantial fraction of their income from client tips.
  • Product Sales: usually a commission is given on trade products sold, regardless of compensatory structure.